Queen Elizabeth II and the Church of England: The late monarch’s religion beliefs

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Queen Elizabeth II will be buried in a state funeral at Westminster Abbey in London on Monday, Sept. 19, 2022.

The queen died on Sept. 8, 2022, at 96 many years previous, at her Scottish castle, Balmoral.

Queen Elizabeth II was a member of the Church of England.

In some cases referred to as the Anglican Church, the Church of England is part of the Anglican Communion, which alone consists of various branches of Christianity, such as the Protestant Episcopal Church, in accordance to History.com.

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The Church of England is the “key condition church” in England and claims to be each Catholic and Reformed, the identical source notes.

The church “upholds teachings uncovered in early Christian doctrines, these kinds of as the Apostles Creed and the Nicene Creed,” and also “reveres 16th century Protestant Reformation thoughts outlined in texts, such as the Thirty-Nine Articles and the Book of Widespread Prayer,” it notes as well.

Queen Elizabeth II was a member of the Church of England, also referred to as the Anglican Church.

Queen Elizabeth II was a member of the Church of England, also referred to as the Anglican Church.
(Photograph by James Whatling – WPA Pool/Getty Photographs)

Jonathan Neil-Smith, who served as former Secretary to the Dioceses Commission and Property of Clergy, as perfectly as Secretary to the Residence of Bishops, instructed Fox Information Electronic by using electronic mail that all monarchs are demanded to “possibly be a member of the Church of England” or of “a church in communion with it.”

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Neil-Smith, who is from Surrey, England, also mentioned, “We have been richly blessed to have had a monarch in the late Queen Elizabeth who has participated in the lifestyle of the Church of England and in expounding the teachings of Jesus Christ, consistently referring to them in her yearly Christmas broadcasts.”

‘Christian belief meant a ton to the queen’

The passing of the queen is “the close of an era, a important shift,” Professor Murray Pittock, a Scottish historian and Bradley Professor of Literature at the College of Glasgow in Glasgow, Scotland, told Fox Information Electronic in a latest telephone interview.

“The Queen led a long existence” and it was “pretty well invested,” he said.

Bishop of Derby Right Rev. Libby Lane (at right, in foreground) sings at a service of celebration to mark the 25th anniversary of the ordination of women in the Church of England, at Lambeth Palace, London.

Bishop of Derby Appropriate Rev. Libby Lane (at suitable, in foreground) sings at a assistance of celebration to mark the 25th anniversary of the ordination of ladies in the Church of England, at Lambeth Palace, London.
(Dominic Lipinski/PA Photographs by means of Getty Pictures)

“She had that overall, overriding feeling of responsibility at the cost of individual pleasure, anything which is not extremely prevalent currently,” he extra.

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“Christian perception intended a good deal to the queen,” mentioned Pittock.

“And looks to me it implies fairly a ton to King Charles, too.”

In 1977, as section of her Silver Jubilee, “Her Late Majesty visited Westminster Roman Catholic Cathedral,” reported Neil-Smith.

“This was the 1st stop by to a Roman Catholic cathedral by an English monarch considering that the Reformation.”

Passers-by and traffic are seen in front of Westminster Abbey. On September 19, the queen's funeral service will be held at Westminster Abbey. 

Passers-by and website traffic are found in front of Westminster Abbey. On September 19, the queen’s funeral services will be held at Westminster Abbey. 
(Image by Christian Charisius/Photograph Alliance through Getty Pictures)

He continued, “In 1961, Her Late Majesty achieved Pope John XXIII in Rome. She also obtained Pope John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI on their visits to the U.K., in 1982 and 2010, respectively.”

He additional, “By these hugely symbolic actions, Her Majesty performed her section in therapeutic the historic rift between the Church of England and the Roman Catholic Church.”

“[The Queen] experienced that overall, overriding sense of responsibility at the price of private satisfaction some thing which is not really frequent nowadays.”

Neil-Smith explained that “the new king is also recognised to get his religion seriously, and we pray that he will be strengthened in carrying out his new purpose.”

‘Creation of the English monarchy’

The Church of England is by itself “a development of the English monarchy,” stated Pittock, owing to “the need that the bishops of the Catholic Church in England observe the royal supremacy.”

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This development commenced with Henry VIII, in 1534, since he “in essence desired the ideal to divorce Catherine of Aragon to marry Anne Boleyn,” observed Pittock.

Queen Elizabeth II receives the Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby at Windsor Castle. He presented her with a special "Canterbury Cross" for her service to the Church of England and a citation for the Cross, which was presented as a framed piece of calligraphy on June 21, 2022.

Queen Elizabeth II receives the Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby at Windsor Castle. He introduced her with a exclusive “Canterbury Cross” for her assistance to the Church of England and a citation for the Cross, which was presented as a framed piece of calligraphy on June 21, 2022.
(Image by Andrew Matthews – WPA Pool/Getty Photographs)

(His marriage to Catherine was annulled.)

“There is a wrestle, and then the king results in being head of the Church of England — which is definitely the notion that the monarch is supreme around the Pope when it arrives to church appointments and church governance,” Pittock discussed.

“And in 1558, when Elizabeth [Queen Elizabeth I] arrives to the throne, she adopts the title Supreme Governor. This is the title that the Crown even now retains in regard of the Church of England,” he ongoing.

“Somewhat curiously, King Charles is also a member of the Church of Scotland while in Scotland, as was the queen.”

As the Supreme Governor, the monarch “formally appoints large-rating customers of the church on the information of the prime minister of the United Kingdom,” who is, in turn, “encouraged by church leaders, such as the Lords Spiritual,” Background.com notes.

“It is really a role that isn’t going to completely make sense — a detached position,” said Pittock.

“It indicates that the nomination of bishops, which properly are the Crown nominees, are in actuality instead like parliamentary legislators, now correctly signed off by the parliamentary executive and agreed to by the monarch.”

On Sept. 17, 2022, members of the public walk past Westminster Abbey, where the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II will take place in London on Monday.

On Sept. 17, 2022, associates of the community wander previous Westminster Abbey, the place the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II will just take location in London on Monday.
(BEN STANSALL/AFP by using Getty Illustrations or photos)

Neil-Smith discussed the crowning of monarchs as it relates to the church.

“English monarchs have been crowned in a church assistance more than which an English bishop — generally the Archbishop of Canterbury — has presided given that [King] Edgar’s coronation in 973,” he mentioned.

“In this deeply spiritual support,” he continued, “which has many similarities with an ordination of a priest or bishop, the monarch is both of those topped and anointed. As element of the anointing ceremony, prayers are explained contacting upon the Holy Spirit to sanctify the monarch.”

“The new king is also known to acquire his faith critically, and we pray that he will be strengthened in carrying out his new part.”

The church’s bishops play a lawmaking role in Britain, according to Heritage.com.

20-6 bishops sit in the Dwelling of Lords, they be aware, and are referred to as the “Lords Religious.”

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“Rather apparently, King Charles is also a member of the Church of Scotland whilst in Scotland, as was the queen,” included Pittock.

“They are each Anglicans and also Presbyterians when in Scotland,” he reported.

The guard is changed while members of the public file past the coffin of Queen Elizabeth II, draped in the Royal Standard with the Imperial State Crown and the Sovereign's orb and sceptre, lying in state on the catafalque in Westminster Hall, at the Palace of Westminster in London, on Sept. 17, 2022. 

The guard is modified when customers of the public file past the coffin of Queen Elizabeth II, draped in the Royal Typical with the Imperial Condition Crown and the Sovereign’s orb and sceptre, lying in condition on the catafalque in Westminster Corridor, at the Palace of Westminster in London, on Sept. 17, 2022. 
((Yui Mok/Pool Photograph via AP))

“Interestingly, the American Episcopal Church, which is, of class, element of the Anglican Communion, was really launched not by the Church of England but by the Episcopal Church in Scotland — because that church didn’t at that point [in history] realize the monarchy,” he explained.

Church of England beliefs

The church upholds quite a few Roman Catholic customs, but it also embraces essential strategies adopted for the duration of the Protestant Reformation, according to Historical past.com.

Other specifics the web-site conveys about the Church of England:

The Church of England sustains a standard Catholic get process that involves ordained bishops, monks and deacons.

The church follows an episcopal kind of governing administration, divided into two provinces: Canterbury and York. Provinces are divided into dioceses, which are headed by bishops and consist of parishes.

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The Archbishop of Canterbury is imagined to be the most senior cleric in the church.

Every year, about 9.4 million folks stop by a Church of England cathedral.

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